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The IUP Journal of Operations Management :
Ranking of JIT Attributes for Indian Manufacturing Industries Using TOPSIS Technique
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To sustain in a global competitive market, any organization needs to focus on quality products at viable prices. There is a huge stress on the industry to redesign supply chain. Just In Time (JIT) production system plays a vital role in prolonged sustainability of any organization. The objective of this paper is to evaluate and rank JIT attributes for Indian manufacturing industries. Tewari et al. (2016) have ranked the performance indicators in JIT-based production system for manufacturing industries using Simple Additive Weighting (SAW). In this paper, a new deterministic quantitative model based on Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) has been applied for this type of ranking problem. The paper shows that ranking of JIT attributes for Indian manufacturing industries is similar using SAW and TOPSIS techniques.

 
 

The applications of computer and internet have globalized the customers’ choice. Due to global competition and customer diversifications, the industry concentrates more on competitive lead through proper supply chain management. Properly designed and implemented Supply Chain Management (SCM) is vital for any organization to counter competition (Choi et al., 2007). The current scenario demands newer approaches for SCM. Traditionally, inventory has been considered as an asset. In a Just In Time (JIT) environment, inventory is considered as a liability. First, in the JIT philosophy, inventory is a waste. It adds to cost, but does not contribute to the value of the final product. Second, the JIT philosophy involves a never-ending cycle of problem identification and solution. Inventory permits many problems to be hidden, and thus is a hindrance to never-ending improvement (Demmy and Constable, 1988).

JIT is a well-known Japanese production technique. JIT outlines the purchase of raw materials, sub-assemblies and finished components at right quality and right price, process the materials at right time when required to be assembled into the final product, and produce and deliver the final product at the right time. This philosophy came into existence after the World War II as a result of competition between Japanese industries and American industries. Japanese company Toyota has employed this concept to enhance the productivity of the company. There are different elements to implement the JIT concept.

 
 

Operations Management Journal, Ranking of JIT Attributes, Indian Manufacturing Industries, TOPSIS Technique