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The IUP Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering:
A Feasibility Study on Smart Residential Community for Future Smart Grid in India
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The most overlooked entity in smart grid is the consumer. Consumers include residential, commercial and industrial loads. At the consumer end, it is always possible to manage and optimize the usage of electricity in a better way. Further, the study on existing residential layout is less explored but highly recommended for smart grid/micro-grid implementation. In Indian residential wiring scheme, power along with ordinary wiring is in standard practice. Emerging research on smart grid needs a framework on residential wiring for desired results. The paper exploits the layout for better electrification with minimum expenditure. A comprehensive literature survey on smart grid into residential electrification, a numerical feasibility study of DC power supply for residential lightloads and a feasibility study on smart community for future smart grid are presented.

 
 

Electricity is essential for a common man as well as a large industry. The strategic usage of electricity adds to the economic growth of the nation. Indian rural areas suffer from power cuts beyond 12 hours a day, and semi-urban and urban areas in a range of 4 to 8 hours on some days. Developing countries need to mitigate this issue for a basic standard of living and sustained development. Further, the alarming rates of carbon emission and air pollution are to be controlled. Strategical use of renewable energy sources like wind or solar can support to an extent in a distributed generation. However, due to large Aggregate Technical and Commercial (ATC) losses, many residential communities in rural areas are left in dark ages. At the consumer end, the first step towards optimal usage of electricity involves categorizing the loads into power-loads and lightloads and then applying the smart grid techniques. In residential loads, power-load includes water-heater, airconditioning, electric vehicle, refrigeration, pump, etc. Light-load includes lighting, fan, television, electronic-chargers, personal computer, etc. It is worth noting that lightloads are much efficient and less power greedy than in the olden days. There are many more engineering solutions awaited at the consumer end, which can change the energy crisis scenario in any developing nation.

 
 
 

Demand response, Residential wiring, Micro-grid, Smart grid