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The IUP Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering:
Multicore Photonic Crystal Fiber-Based 1 6 Power Splitters for Optical Networks
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This paper proposes 1 6 fixed and flexible power splitters using Photonic Crystal Fiber (PCF). Multicore PCF power splitter comprises 6 identical cores with equal power in each. By changing the central wavelength, we can achieve unequal 6 core power splitters useful in fiber to home applications. These novel structures are investigated using finite element method. The results are optimized by verifying the pitch, hole diameter and wavelength.

 
 

The revolution in the field of communication may be treated as one of the major breakthroughs in the technological growth of the last century. Inventions of the optical fiber and the laser in the mid-sixties were the major contributors to this outstanding growth (Berthold et al., 2008). Optical fibers can carry a huge amount of data with as low attenuation of the order of 0.2 to 0.3 dB per km. The improvement in the performance of optical fibers in terms of attenuation and data rate is almost saturated. However, the invention of a special material (photonic crystal) has helped the mankind in controlling the optical properties of material to further advance the telecommunication facilities. Photonic Crystal Fiber (PCF) is a very important application of photonic crystals. PCFs exhibit wave guiding properties that are very different from those of conventional optical fibers (Mukherjee, 2000). The very special propagation characteristics of PCFs are being explored in designing more efficient optical communication links.

 
 
 

PCF, PBG, Pitch, Birefringence, Power splitters, FTH, FEM