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The IUP Journal of International Relations :
A Comparative Study of the African Diasporas’ Contribution to the Development of and Their Integration in the US and the UK†
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There is no doubt that Africans have contributed immensely to the development of modern society. One remarkable attribute of global institutional landscape is the presence of Africans all over the world. Indeed, the roots of their spread lies in two historically distinct movements, that is, either involuntary (old Diaspora) or voluntary (new Diaspora). This has resulted in what is increasingly referred to as a global Africa. The major thrust of this paper is to critically examine the contributions of African Diaspora, with special focus on the new Diaspora in connection with the development in their host countries in the areas of politics and administration, economic and sociocultural aspects, education, medicine and information technology, among others. The new era of globalization is characterized by dynamic interaction, linking more countries and more people together than ever before. This development and the diversities of historical factors of new migration motivated Africans to migrate and settle in the US and the UK. The current reality that people are more transnational today than ever before is hinged on the fact that successful sustainable development and integration in the countries of study depend on human capital. The paper, therefore, concludes that the contemporary migration of Africans into the Diaspora has resulted in the development of their host countries and this has equally promoted their integration.

 
 
 

The recognition of the ongoing transnational linkages between African migrants and their host countries has spurred a growing interest of African Diasporas in development and integration. Indeed, they are increasingly seeking to engage in the development of their host countries as a result of their different potentials and propensities. Their various contributions in their host countries have invariably enhanced their integration. Importantly, the contemporary situation of global migration over the past decades indicates the fact that African Diaspora migrants have become progressively involved in political, economic, cultural, educational and social activities in their host countries.1 This is partly due to the dynamics of globalization, which unleashes new opportunities resulting from sociopolitical and economic openings in their host countries.

At the beginning of the 21st century, migration continued to loom very large as a subject of media interest, community preoccupation and political controversy.2 Meanwhile, the growing number of African intellectuals, scholars, entrepreneurs and professionals who are entering the stream of international migration away from their continent to the developed countries is caused by factors of globalization and integration of the world economy, economic and political development failures in Africa, immigration and refugee policies of the developed countries and so on. These factors are equally referred to as push and pull factors.

 
 
 

A Comparative Study of the African Diasporas, Integration in the US and the UK