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The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior :
Emotional Intelligence and Perceived Stress Among Scientists in Agricultural Research Service
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Emotional Intelligence (EI) is one of the important factors that contributes to the success of individuals who assume various tasks and roles in a profession. It is also important in determining how individuals cope with the stress that can potentially limit their emotional relationships and their occupational efficiency. The purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between EI and perceived stress among the scientists in agricultural research service. The data was collected from 238 respondents by administering EI Test (EIT) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10). The results indicated that there were no gender differences with regard to EI. However, females scored higher in ‘managing emotions’ and ‘empathy’ , whereas males obtained higher scores in ‘motivating oneself’. Perceived stress was found to be higher in females. EI was positively correlated with age and negatively correlated with perceived stress. Since EI can be learned, it is suggested that capacity building programs for agricultural research scientists need to incorporate the competencies associated with EI into their training programs so as to deal with stress more effectively.

 
 
 

India has one of the largest agricultural research systems in the world with the biggest pool of scientific personnel in a developing country engaged in research and education in the field of agriculture and allied areas. The research system includes approximately 30,000 scientists and more than 100,000 supporting staff actively engaged in research related to agriculture. The present agricultural research system comprises essentially two main streams, viz., the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) at the national level and Agricultural Universities (AUs) at the state level. Besides these two, several other agencies such as the Conventional/General Universities, Scientific Organizations, various Ministries/Departments at the Center, and Private or Voluntary Organizations participate directly or indirectly in research activities related to agriculture (Borthakur and Singh, 2013).

Working environment in any organization poses a variety of challenges. These challenges may be self-created or experienced from others. If a person wants to succeed, one must have the ability to respond positively to such challenges. Otherwise, it may lead to emotional disturbances in the form of frustration, anger, anxiety, etc., which in turn affect individual productivity. There is increasing interest in how people process emotionally relevant information and the ability to process it efficiently and accurately can have an effect on an individual’s life outcomes such as achieving success at work and their general wellbeing (Salovey and Grewal, 2005; and Brackett et al., 2011).

 
 
 

Organizational Behavior Journal, Emotional Intelligence, Emotional relationships Cccupational efficiency, Agricultural Research Service