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The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior :
The Influence of Organizational Commitment on Work Motivation: A Comparative Study of State and Private University Teachers
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The study is conducted to investigate the impact of ‘affective’ (a desire), ‘continuance’ (a need), ‘normative’ (an obligation) and overall commitment on ‘intrinsic’, ‘extrinsic’ and ‘overall work motivation’. The sample size comprises 230 teachers (150 from state universities and 130 from private universities). A comparison is performed among the state and the private university teachers, where the state university teachers are intrinsically motivated and the private university teachers showed extrinsic motivation. A positive influence of overall organizational commitment on intrinsic motivation is found among the state university teachers, while among the private university teachers, a positive impact of overall organizational commitment is found on both extrinsic and overall work motivation.

 
 
 

Motivation can stimulate a person and help him/her towards satisfaction and commitment to his/her job. Motivation is a drive which immediately influences direction, vigor (energetic activity) and persistence of action (Atkinson, 1964). Motivation helps to stimulate an individual to perform actions for achieving the desired results.

According to Luthans (1998), along with ‘money,’ there are some other incentives which act as motivators. Miner et al. (1995) stated that motivation is the combination of three elements such as needs, drives and incentives. Ryan and Deci (2000) concluded that psychological needs, i.e., competence, autonomy and relatedness are the three fundamental needs which people try to satisfy at the earliest and interaction of these needs with the environment created two types of motivation such as intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. According to Deci and Ryan (1985), intrinsic motivation refers to the work that is inherently interesting or enjoyable in nature and extrinsic motivation refers to the work that leads to a separable outcome. Vallerand and Bissonnette (1992) stated that intrinsic motivation is an activity which is done for the satisfaction derived from that activity, while extrinsic motivation is an activity which is carried out from a sense of obligation.

 
 
 

Organizational Behavior Journal, Organizational Commitment, Work Motivation, A Comparative Study, State and Private University Teachers