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The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior :
The Relationship Between Work Group Characteristics and Effectiveness: A Study on Women Self-Help Groups
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The paper examines the women Self-Help Groups’ (SHGs) work group characteristics and effectiveness through an Input-Process-Output framework. The process variables were analyzed for their mediating effect between input (job design, task variety, interdependency and feedback) and output variables (team effectiveness). The SHGs selected for this study were engaged in income-yielding activities. Through the convenience sampling method, 120 samples were selected for the study. The Sobel test was conducted to study the mediating effect. The results revealed that the process variables were mediating the input variables to achieve the SHGs’ effectiveness through members’ satisfaction.

 
 
 

Groups are defined and characterized by different attributes in various research findings. A group is two or more interdependent individuals who influence one another through social interaction (Jehn et al., 1999). According to Cartwright and Zander (1968), groups have relationships to one another that make them interdependent (Zoogah et al., 2015) to some significant degree. A collection of people can be defined as a group; however, they may be unique if the group possesses a critical element called interdependence among members (Lewin, 1948). Beyond these properties of interdependencies, there are also properties that define the common characteristics of group such as diversity, communication, heterogeneity, cohesion, reciprocity, interpersonal interaction, psychological safety (Guchait et al., 2014), shared belief (DeChurch et al., 2013) group structure and size.

The groups in the context of study were women Self-Help Groups (SHGs) primarily joined together for income-generation activities. Women SHGs referred to in this study are voluntary association (Kumar, 2016) of individuals from economically disadvantaged category (Vipin and Asokan, 2014). It enables women empowerment (Narasimha et al., 2017) by providing a platform to work together as a collective agency. It is instrumental in enhancing the socioeconomic status in changing the SHG members’ living standards, income level, assets, saving and borrowing through income-generating activities (Agrawal, 2016).

 
 
 

Organizational Behavior Journal, Paper examines the women Self-Help Groups’ (SHGs), Effectiveness through an Input-Process-Output framework, Sobel test was conducted to study the mediating effect