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The IUP Journal of Law Review :
Regulation of Cruelty to Animals and Cow Slaughter Ban in India: An Enquiry in Light of the Settled Law
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The Government of India on May 23, 2017 prohibited the sale and purchase of the animals at marketplace for slaughtering purposes. It aims to decelerate the tendency to produce ‘unproductive’ animals for killing in slaughterhouses. Certainly, killing of cattle produces some benefits but at a costlier price in terms of cruelty to the animal concerned. The society has spent much resource on the animal from its birth up to production age. Yet, it will be wrong if we are not taking into account the social cost at the time of profit calculation. A prominent consideration in this regard is the unnecessary deviation from a well-thought constitutional goal. This paper attempts to explore legal implications and analyzes the instant profit and loss resulting from ban on the sale and purchase of animals for slaughtering purposes and its diverse and distinct aspects in the national context. The Madras High Court has stayed the enforcement of the notification. The Supreme Court extended the stay to the rest of India. Though the matter is sub judice, there is space for the intelligentsia to discuss it in the light of settled law by the Courts. Taking these into consideration, the present study tries to comment on the effort made by the Central Government.

 
 
 

A large section of people in India live in rural areas. Agriculture is their common occupation and source of livelihood. Livestock sector, however, plays a complementary, but critical role in the welfare of this segment of India’s population contributing 9% to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs nearly 8% of the labor force. Agriculture derives its importance from the fact that it has vital supply and demand links with the manufacturing sector. The nation is striving to find ways and means to keep its burgeoning population adequately fed.

Livestock sector is emerging as an important growth engine of the Indian economy with India being the largest producer of milk accounting for 18.5% of world production in 2015-16. Livestock production and agriculture are fundamentally interlinked, and both are crucial for overall food security. Livestock sector is an important subsector of the agriculture in Indian economy. It forms an important livelihood activity for most of the farmers, supporting agriculture in the form of various by-products that have been used in several ways in most agriculture-related activities—allied or main. India has vast resource of livestock and poultry, which plays a vital role in improving the

socioeconomic conditions of rural masses.1 Traditional agricultural practices, especially heavy fertilizer use, are fading nowadays for many reasons. Organic agriculture has grown out of the conscious effort by people to create the best possible relationship between the earth and men. Since its beginning, the sphere surrounding organic agriculture has become considerably more complex. Major challenges today are certainly its entry into the policy-making arena, its entry into anonymous global market, and the transformation of organic products into commodities. During the last two decades, there has also been a significant sensitization of the global community towards environmental preservation and food quality. It is needless to say that livestock will play a very crucial role in the enrichment of farm and non-farm practices in new agriculture.

 
 
 

Law Review Journal,Cow and India,Constitutional Provision on Cow Slaughter, Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Regulation of Livestock Markets) Rules.