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The IUP Journal of Supply Chain Management :
Green Supply Chain Management: A Necessity for Sustainable Development
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Deteriorating environmental quality is harming the planet, people and profit, which are the key elements of triple bottom line. Today, business organizations have understood the necessity of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) for environmental protection and have started practicing it. Integration of Supply Chain Management (SCM) with environment through green procurement, green manufacturing, green design and information system, green packaging, green logistics and distribution and reverse logistics results in the generation of innovation towards sustainability. It also minimizes and eliminates wastage like solid waste, carbon emissions, hazardous chemicals, thus ensuring maximized consumer satisfaction and healthy profits. In this study, an extensive review of literature on GSCM and its relationship with sustainable development has been done and a conceptual model has been proposed among the various components of GSCM and sustainable development. The study would be beneficial not only for companies to achieve sustainable performance but also for the end users to understand the seriousness of their role in implementing recycle, reduce and reuse by increased use of environment-friendly products and supporting those firms that are implementing it religiously.

 
 
 

Supply chain is a system consisting of parties like suppliers, manufacturers, retailers to finally the customers. It constitutes both upstream and downstream chain where flow of information, finances and physical distribution of goods and services takes place directly or indirectly (Mentzer, 2001; and Chopra and Meindl, 2010).

To address the relationship and the influence between Supply Chain Management (SCM) and natural environment, a green component has been added to SCM (Hassiniet al., 2012; and Meythi, 2013), which is a green initiative and technique to improve and rectify product or process performance based on perquisite in environment regulations (Hu and Hsu, 2010).

The SCM gained momentum in 1950 as many firms were finding ways to minimize the cost of production through mass production (Huque and Islam, 2007). From 1990, the firms started to act in a more ethical and socially responsible manner due to increased awareness of green practices and intensified competition in their supply chain practices (Diabat and Govindan, 2011). Also supply chain has turned out to be an important issue for greener industrial development (Srivastava, 2007; and Rehman et al., 2011).


 
 
 

Supply Chain Management Journal,‘Green’ – Meaning and Concept,Internal Components of GSCM, Downstream Components of GSCM, Conceptual Model and Hypotheses Development.