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The IUP Journal of Financial Risk Management
ISSN: 0972-916X
A ‘peer reviewed’ journal indexed on Cabell’s Directory,
and also distributed by EBSCO and Proquest Database

Sep'16

Previous Issues

The IUP Journal of Financial Risk Management is a quarterly journal that focuses on identifying financial risk, risk management models, accounting for derivatives, risk-hedging techniques, asset liability management. The journal provides a platform for cutting edge research in the field of financial risk management.

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Editorial Board
Information to Authors
  • Identifying Financial Risk
  • Risk Management Models
  • Accounting for Derivatives
  • Risk-Hedging Techniques
  • Asset Liability Management
Articles
   
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Volatility Indices: An International Comparison
Application of Unsupervised Feature Selection, Machine Learning and Evolutionary Algorithm in Predicting Stock Returns: A Study of Indian Firms
Evaluating the Financial Soundness of Banks: An Application of Bankometer on Pakistani Listed Banks
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Contents
(Sep'16)

Volatility Indices: An International Comparison

--Maithili S Naik and Y V Reddy

Volatility index is a measure of markets expectation of volatility over the near-term. It is a forward looking instrument and depicts the expected market volatility over the next 30 days. The constant ups and downs in the financial markets are a cause of concern for most investors. Thus, the volatility index helps them to keep track of market volatility and guide them in their investment decisions. The objective of this paper is to understand the dynamics of linkages between the volatility indices of US (VIX), Germany (VDAX), India (VIX), South Korea (VKOSPI) and China (VXFXI). The VAR model with impulse response function and variance decomposition analysis has been used to understand the linkage dynamics. The results suggest that the US VIX is the most influential index. Therefore, this index should be closely observed by overseas regulatory authorities as early warning signal for future turbulence in their domestic markets. The results for the Indian VIX reveal that there is a moderate level of influence of the US index on it. Further, the Indian VIX seems to be integrated minimally with its Asian equivalents

Article Price : Rs.50

Application of Unsupervised Feature Selection, Machine Learning and Evolutionary Algorithm in Predicting Stock Returns: A Study of Indian Firms

--Tamal Datta Chaudhuri, Indranil Ghosh and Shahira Eram

Prediction of stock prices has become an important area of research in the field of financial analytics and has garnered a lot of attention among academicians. Drawing on the literature on application of econometric tools and also machine learning techniques, this paper presents a framework for predicting stock returns using three unsupervised feature selection techniques, four predictive modeling techniques and finally an ensemble combining the four predictive modeling techniques. To design the ensemble, evolutionary algorithm is applied. In order to assess the results of our study, four different performance measures, namely, Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Mean Squared Error (MSE), Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) and Index of Agreement (IA) have been utilized. Our feature selection results indicate that all explanatory variables are not significant for different classes of companies and also for different time periods. This gives us insight into the fact that, for stock returns prediction, one has to be careful of the predictors to be chosen. Further, results indicate that for all the forecasting methods, namely, random forest, bagging, boosting and support vector regression, forecasting efficiency for large cap and mid-cap firms was better than that of small cap firms. Statistical analysis through Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) suggests that of all four predictive modeling techniques, boosting was the most efficient technique for forecasting the stock returns. We then proceeded to construct an ensemble of the above four methods. In terms of all four measurement metrics, performance of the proposed ensemble was better in both training and testing phase as compared to the efficiency of the individual predictive modeling techniques.

Article Price : Rs.50

Evaluating the Financial Soundness of Banks: An Application of Bankometer on Pakistani Listed Banks

--Aasma Ashraf and Yasir Bin Tariq

Financial system of a country is an important system in its economy. The sustainability and growth of banking sector is critical for development of the financial sector as well as economic growth. Economic development of a country is reflected through the soundness of its banking system. Therefore in order to sustain and grow, banks have to be financially sound. Many researchers in Pakistan and in other countries have conducted studies on evaluating the financial soundness of banking sector by using different tools and methods. Bankometer is used in this study to evaluate the financial soundness of banks. It is a new and efficient model and computationally less expensive than other models like CAMELs and CLSA-stress test. To confirm its accuracy, it has been applied on each banks listed on Pakistan Stock Exchange over the period 2006-2014. Soundness of each bank has been computed separately which demonstrate which bank is super stable and which is close to insolvency. For comparison purpose, Z-score model is also used for banks listed on Pakistan Stock Exchange. These two models reported the same results, but however some are slightly different. As per the results of both models Bank of Punjab’s financial soundness is in grey area and need to be enhanced to reach in the protected zone with a score of soundness (70).

Article Price : Rs.50
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Automated Teller Machines (ATMs): The Changing Face of Banking in India

Bank Management
Information and communication technology has changed the way in which banks provide services to its customers. These days the customers are able to perform their routine banking transactions without even entering the bank premises. ATM is one such development in recent years, which provides remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the development of this self-service banking in India based on the secondary data.

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is playing a very important role in the progress and advancement in almost all walks of life. The deregulated environment has provided an opportunity to restructure the means and methods of delivery of services in many areas, including the banking sector. The ICT has been a focused issue in the past two decades in Indian banking. In fact, ICTs are enabling the banks to change the way in which they are functioning. Improved customer service has become very important for the very survival and growth of banking sector in the reforms era. The technological advancements, deregulations, and intense competition due to the entry of private sector and foreign banks have altered the face of banking from one of mere intermediation to one of provider of quick, efficient and customer-friendly services. With the introduction and adoption of ICT in the banking sector, the customers are fast moving away from the traditional branch banking system to the convenient and comfort of virtual banking. The most important virtual banking services are phone banking, mobile banking, Internet banking and ATM banking. These electronic channels have enhanced the delivery of banking services accurately and efficiently to the customers. The ATMs are an important part of a bank’s alternative channel to reach the customers, to showcase products and services and to create brand awareness. This is reflected in the increase in the number of ATMs all over the world. ATM is one of the most widely used remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the growth of ATMs of different bank groups in India.
International Scenario

If ATMs are largely available over geographically dispersed areas, the benefit from using an ATM will increase as customers will be able to access their bank accounts from any geographic location. This would imply that the value of an ATM network increases with the number of available ATM locations, and the value of a bank network to a customer will be determined in part by the final network size of the banking system. The statistical information on the growth of branches and ATM network in select countries.

Indian Scenario

The financial services industry in India has witnessed a phenomenal growth, diversification and specialization since the initiation of financial sector reforms in 1991. Greater customer orientation is the only way to retain customer loyalty and withstand competition in the liberalized world. In a market-driven strategy of development, customer preference is of paramount importance in any economy. Gone are the days when customers used to come to the doorsteps of banks. Now the banks are required to chase the customers; only those banks which are customercentric and extremely focused on the needs of their clients can succeed in their business today.

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