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The IUP Journal of Financial Risk Management
ISSN: 0972-916X
A ‘peer reviewed’ journal indexed on Cabell’s Directory,
and also distributed by EBSCO and Proquest Database

March'18

Previous Issues

The IUP Journal of Financial Risk Management is a quarterly journal that focuses on identifying financial risk, risk management models, accounting for derivatives, risk-hedging techniques, asset liability management. The journal provides a platform for cutting edge research in the field of financial risk management.

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Editorial Board
Information to Authors
  • Identifying Financial Risk
  • Risk Management Models
  • Accounting for Derivatives
  • Risk-Hedging Techniques
  • Asset Liability Management
Articles
   
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The Determinants of Credit Risk Management of Islamic Microfinance Institutions
Stock Market Volatility Before and After Implementation of VIX in India
When a Hedge Turns into Speculation: Interest Rate Swaps at Canadian Universities
Systemic Liquidity Risk: A Macroeconomic Evaluation
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Contents
(March'18)

The Determinants of Credit Risk Management of Islamic Microfinance Institutions

--Najla Noomen and Mouna Boujelbene Abbes

The purpose of this study is to empirically assess the determinants of the credit risk of Islamic Microfinance Institutions (MFIs). In particular, the study examines the explanatory factors for credit risk using a panel dataset of 20 Islamic MFIs located in the Middle East and South-East Asian countries during the period 2000-2015. The results show that credit risk depends on the following factors: the number of active borrowers, loan loss provision, the return on the gross portfolio, risk coverage, Return on Assets (ROA), inflation, the size and age of MFIs. However, the findings reveal that the debt ratio, capital ratio and GDP growth have no significant impact on the credit risk of Islamic MFIs. This paper is the first empirical work to investigate the critical factors of credit risk management in Islamic MFIs.

Article Price : Rs.50

Stock Market Volatility Before and After Implementation of VIX in India

--Maithili S Naik and Y V Reddy

Stock market volatility has always been an area of concern for market participants and policy regulators. Through this paper, an attempt has been made to model the volatility in the Indian equity market by employing the standard GARCH(1, 1) model. The paper also investigates whether the volatility on NSE has changed after the introduction of Volatility Index (India VIX) through the GARCH(1, 1) model with a dummy. Accordingly, the period of study for measuring the volatility has been split into two, i.e., the pre-IVIX introduction period (January 1, 2000 to October 31, 2007) and the post-IVIX introduction period (November 1, 2007 to August 31, 2016). The results of GARCH(1, 1) model with a dummy reveal that the volatility of the spot market has declined after the introduction of IVIX in India. In addition, the results of standard GARCH(1, 1) models provide evidence that recent news has a greater impact on the spot market changes in the post-IVIX introduction period.

Article Price : Rs.50

When a Hedge Turns into Speculation: Interest Rate Swaps at Canadian Universities

--Glenn Leonard and Gopalan Srinivasan

The present paper intends to develop an analytical condition for an interest rate swap (variable rate for fixed rate) to be beneficial and examines the incidence and effectiveness of swaps in the Canadian university sector. The paper demonstrates the lack of any cost advantage in a two-party swap through a contradiction analysis and then tests whether there is evidence that the use of this derivative is indeed acting (or not) as an effective risk management tool. The paper also applies a nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test to determine whether the size of the university is a factor in the effectiveness of swap. Of the 31 Canadian universities using swaps, only five pass the analytical condition to be judged as an effective swap. The balance fails the test, indicating that the usage of the swap, in essence, unhedges a natural hedge that the institution had. The results also indicate that university size plays a role in whether the hedge is effective or not. This paper is unique in applying a quantitative test to determine swap effectiveness in the Canadian university sector. It also points to the necessity for management of these institutions to better understand the effects and uses of derivative financing instruments for hedging purposes.

Article Price : Rs.50  

Systemic Liquidity Risk: A Macroeconomic Evaluation

--Ashish Srivastava

The likelihood of not getting the desired funding at an appropriate cost or the probability of bearing an undue loss of value in a fire sale is recognized as liquidity risk. However, a flat idiosyncratic liquidity risk does not necessarily translate into a similar risk-neutral position at the systemic level. Systemic liquidity risk emanates from the underestimation and imprecise understanding of the liquidity conundrum and its causal relationship with the exogenous or endogenous factors. Systemic risk finally devolves at the macro level with serious repercussions. The present paper attempts a macroeconomic evaluation of the systemic liquidity risk from the perspective of developing economies. As a test case, the relevant macroeconomic data from the Indian financial system has been used for the purpose of analysis, modeling and interpretation.

Article Price : Rs.50  
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Automated Teller Machines (ATMs): The Changing Face of Banking in India

Bank Management
Information and communication technology has changed the way in which banks provide services to its customers. These days the customers are able to perform their routine banking transactions without even entering the bank premises. ATM is one such development in recent years, which provides remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the development of this self-service banking in India based on the secondary data.

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is playing a very important role in the progress and advancement in almost all walks of life. The deregulated environment has provided an opportunity to restructure the means and methods of delivery of services in many areas, including the banking sector. The ICT has been a focused issue in the past two decades in Indian banking. In fact, ICTs are enabling the banks to change the way in which they are functioning. Improved customer service has become very important for the very survival and growth of banking sector in the reforms era. The technological advancements, deregulations, and intense competition due to the entry of private sector and foreign banks have altered the face of banking from one of mere intermediation to one of provider of quick, efficient and customer-friendly services. With the introduction and adoption of ICT in the banking sector, the customers are fast moving away from the traditional branch banking system to the convenient and comfort of virtual banking. The most important virtual banking services are phone banking, mobile banking, Internet banking and ATM banking. These electronic channels have enhanced the delivery of banking services accurately and efficiently to the customers. The ATMs are an important part of a bank’s alternative channel to reach the customers, to showcase products and services and to create brand awareness. This is reflected in the increase in the number of ATMs all over the world. ATM is one of the most widely used remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the growth of ATMs of different bank groups in India.
International Scenario

If ATMs are largely available over geographically dispersed areas, the benefit from using an ATM will increase as customers will be able to access their bank accounts from any geographic location. This would imply that the value of an ATM network increases with the number of available ATM locations, and the value of a bank network to a customer will be determined in part by the final network size of the banking system. The statistical information on the growth of branches and ATM network in select countries.

Indian Scenario

The financial services industry in India has witnessed a phenomenal growth, diversification and specialization since the initiation of financial sector reforms in 1991. Greater customer orientation is the only way to retain customer loyalty and withstand competition in the liberalized world. In a market-driven strategy of development, customer preference is of paramount importance in any economy. Gone are the days when customers used to come to the doorsteps of banks. Now the banks are required to chase the customers; only those banks which are customercentric and extremely focused on the needs of their clients can succeed in their business today.

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