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The IUP Journal of Information Technology
ISSN: 0973-2896
A ‘peer reviewed’ journal indexed on Cabell’s Directory,
and also distributed by EBSCO and Proquest Database


Previous Issues

The IUP Journal of Information Technology is a quarterly journal that seeks to update the readers with latest developments in the rapidly changing field of Information Technology. IJIT provides articles on emerging tools, technologies and paradigms relating to various aspects of IT. Apart from these, it also provides IT certification details and book reviews. It also provides articles dealing with programming and testing tools.

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Editorial Board
Information to Authors
  • Database Systems
  • Programming Languages
  • Software Engineering and Project Management
  • Web Technologies
  • Mobile Computing
  • Network and Distributed Computing
  • Computer Security
  • Intelligent Systems
An Improved Throttled Virtual Machine Load Balancer for Cloud
Energy-Aware Simulators for Efficient Data Center Design
Artificial Intelligence: Is Watson the Real Thing?
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An Improved Throttled Virtual Machine Load Balancer for Cloud

--Moses Timothy

With the growing popularity of cloud computing today, its model will one day serve as the fifth utility service outside electricity, telephone, water and gas. Visualizing how this utility model will revolutionize the way people use computing resources requires that we take the big challenge of performance unpredictability associated with load imbalance, computing resource distribution inefficiency and minimum resource consumption into consideration. There is a need for developing a better model that will not only reduce cost but also make enterprise as per user’s satisfaction. Improving resource utility and performance of distributed system in a way that will yield better response time, processing time and efficient virtual machine monitoring is therefore, the concern of this research work. Throttled load balancing algorithm was analyzed and its deficiencies serve as a basis for improvement in the proposed system. The proposed system rearranges Virtual Machines (VMs) according to their threshold value and 80% threshold value for each machine serving as the maximum utilization range for cloudlets allocation. The proposed system then spreads load across all VMs until each machine attains 80% of its threshold value. If this level is attained and there are still cloudlets at the global queue, the 20% un-utilized threshold value can then be used. The system also monitors VM efficiency and stops allocation to any VM that does not perform to its optimum level. An extensive simulation was carried out to evaluate the proposed system using Cloud Analyst simulator in order to compare the existing system and the proposed system. The results show that the proposed system yields a better response time and lower turnaround time and provides efficient VM monitoring than the existing throttled load balancer.

Energy-Aware Simulators for Efficient Data Center Design

--Manju Lata and Vikas Kumar

With the growing popularity of cloud computing, data centers are becoming very much important for the provisioning of computing resources. Data centers’ cost and operating expenses have increased with the increase in computing capacity. Research has identified that the energy utilized by computing and communication units of data center contributes a considerable portion of the data center operational costs. Setting up and running these experiments in real cloud environments are very much costly to optimize the designs. However, modeling and simulation tools are suitable solutions that often provide good alternatives for emulating cloud computing environments. Several simulation tools have been developed to provide a simulation environment for energy-efficient cloud computing data centers. A comprehensive review has been presented for the data center simulators and a comparative analysis has been carried out to outline the strengths. The work is very much helpful in selecting the simulators for efficient data center design.

Artificial Intelligence: Is Watson the Real Thing?

--Timothy McGettigan

Some researchers have expressed a desire to create a new form of life by means of Artificial Intelligence (AI), a type of computing that will transform machines into human-like intellectual entities. However, intelligence is a rare, complex and imperfectly understood phenomenon. No definition has yet emerged that fully captures the complexity of intelligence in humans. Consequently, the chances of capably synthesizing an artificial form of intelligent entity seem less likely when a complete understanding of this most essential human trait is lacking. Yet, AI researchers have made impressive progress in the endeavor to create more sophisticated machines. Since human intelligence is not a product of computational speed, artificial intelligence will not emerge as a product of computing speed alone. It will be possible to create artificial intelligence only when researchers finally figure out what is the true source of natural intelligence.





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Automated Teller Machines (ATMs): The Changing Face of Banking in India

Bank Management
Information and communication technology has changed the way in which banks provide services to its customers. These days the customers are able to perform their routine banking transactions without even entering the bank premises. ATM is one such development in recent years, which provides remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the development of this self-service banking in India based on the secondary data.

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is playing a very important role in the progress and advancement in almost all walks of life. The deregulated environment has provided an opportunity to restructure the means and methods of delivery of services in many areas, including the banking sector. The ICT has been a focused issue in the past two decades in Indian banking. In fact, ICTs are enabling the banks to change the way in which they are functioning. Improved customer service has become very important for the very survival and growth of banking sector in the reforms era. The technological advancements, deregulations, and intense competition due to the entry of private sector and foreign banks have altered the face of banking from one of mere intermediation to one of provider of quick, efficient and customer-friendly services. With the introduction and adoption of ICT in the banking sector, the customers are fast moving away from the traditional branch banking system to the convenient and comfort of virtual banking. The most important virtual banking services are phone banking, mobile banking, Internet banking and ATM banking. These electronic channels have enhanced the delivery of banking services accurately and efficiently to the customers. The ATMs are an important part of a bank’s alternative channel to reach the customers, to showcase products and services and to create brand awareness. This is reflected in the increase in the number of ATMs all over the world. ATM is one of the most widely used remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the growth of ATMs of different bank groups in India.
International Scenario

If ATMs are largely available over geographically dispersed areas, the benefit from using an ATM will increase as customers will be able to access their bank accounts from any geographic location. This would imply that the value of an ATM network increases with the number of available ATM locations, and the value of a bank network to a customer will be determined in part by the final network size of the banking system. The statistical information on the growth of branches and ATM network in select countries.

Indian Scenario

The financial services industry in India has witnessed a phenomenal growth, diversification and specialization since the initiation of financial sector reforms in 1991. Greater customer orientation is the only way to retain customer loyalty and withstand competition in the liberalized world. In a market-driven strategy of development, customer preference is of paramount importance in any economy. Gone are the days when customers used to come to the doorsteps of banks. Now the banks are required to chase the customers; only those banks which are customercentric and extremely focused on the needs of their clients can succeed in their business today.