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Welcome to The IUP Journal of International Relations
ISSN: 0973-8509
A ‘peer reviewed’ journal distributed by EBSCO and Proquest Database

April'18

Previous Issues

The IUP Journal of International Relations provides informative, insightful, and lively discourse on the latest developments in an ever-changing and increasingly complex world order. The Journal serves as a forum for thought-provoking debate on the most contentious contemporary issues in World Politics. The Journal is dedicated to the stimulation and dissemination of research and scholarship in international affairs.

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  • Defense and Strategic Studies
  • Cooperation, Peace, Conflict Resolution and Confidence Building
  • International Security and National Security
  • International Relations Theory
  • International Political Economy
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The Iran Nuclear Deal: Is It Hurting Global Nuclear Order?
Influence of Religion on the Foreign Policies of the US and West Asian States
Palestinian Workers in Israeli Settlements: Their Status and Rights
Linkage Between National Security, Human Security and Resource Scarcity: An Analysis of the Role of the UN and the NGOs?
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Contents
(April 2018)

The Iran Nuclear Deal: Is It Hurting Global Nuclear Order?

--Muzaffar Ahmad Ganaie

The Iran nuclear deal, which was concluded after years of intense negotiations, provides a framework for addressing its controversial nuclear program. The agreement cuts off Iran’s every pathway to a nuclear weapon by placing serious restrictions on its nuclear program and putting in place an unprecedented and robust inspection and verification regime. Though the non-proliferation experts have hailed the agreement for its non-proliferation commitments, the future of the agreement remains uncertain because of Trump administration’s vehement criticism against the deal. If the deal collapses because of US withdrawal, it could lead to major non-proliferation crises in the Middle East.

Influence of Religion on the Foreign Policies of the US and West Asian States

--Saagar Kote and Madhumati Deshpande

Religion is an important determinant of foreign policy. It has a psychological impact on policy makers. Religious values and ideologies have an impact on state behavior. American foreign policy has cultural connotations in its interaction with the foreign policies of other states. Foreign policies of West Asian states have a deep-rooted connection with religion and religious ideology. The development of West Asia as a region is historically linked to religious and sectarian factors. West Asia’s identity is strongly linked to its religious traditions and beliefs. It is quite natural that religious identity, values and philosophies influence such a region. Conservatism in the region is inseparable from Islamic and Jewish factors. Religion is an important factor in determining the foreign policy of West Asian states. Thus, the influence of religion on states’ foreign policies is an area that requires further exploration by the academic circle. West Asia serves as a natural region of analysis in this regard due to its position in international politics and the way it is perceived by the West, especially the US.

Palestinian Workers in Israeli Settlements: Their Status and Rights

--Osayd Awawda

After the establishment of the Palestinian Authority (PA) in 1993, the economic situation in the West Bank (WB) and Gaza Strip (GS) became difficult because of the absence of an efficient economic system and complete reliance on foreign funds. One result of that hardship was the tendency of Palestinian workers, who could not find jobs in the WB, to move to the Israeli Occupying Authority’s (IOA) settlements in the WB seeking employment opportunities there. The Palestinian workers in these settlements consist of two types: first, legal workers with Israeli permits to get there, and second, illegal workers smuggled into these Settlements. In 2011, 25,000 Palestinians were working in IOA settlements in the WB; 10,000 of them were smuggled workers. In fact, the IOA was benefitting a lot from both types of workers. The economic, governmental committee of the IOA stated that Palestinian workers were helping both the Israeli economy and Israeli employers. This paper analyzes the economic situation in the WB and the reasons for the unique treatment meted out to the Palestinians by the IOA. Next, it defines the status of the Palestinian legal workers and their rights according to the applied laws, and the violations of these rights by the Israeli employers. Lastly, it analyzes the status of illegal Palestinian workers and their rights according to the applied laws, and the violations of these rights by the Israeli employers.

Linkage Between National Security, Human Security and Resource Scarcity: An Analysis of the Role of the UN and the NGOs

--B N Mehrish

The paper offers theoretical perspectives on global security in the 21st century. Traditional notion of security has changed dramatically. Today’s global flows of goods, services, finance and people highlight the many interlinkages in the security of all states and people. Economic liberalization and globalization in recent decades have created a new breed of threats to national and human security in the form of terrorist attacks, ethnic violence, epidemics and economic downturns. There is also a fear that existing institutions and policies are not able to cope with the weakening multilateralism, disregard for human rights, eroding commitment to eradicate poverty and deprivation, growing educated unemployment and the tendency to neglect global responsibilities in an increasingly integrated world. People throughout the world live under varied conditions of insecurity. There is the need for integrated global policies that focus on people’s survival, livelihood and dignity.

 

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Automated Teller Machines (ATMs): The Changing Face of Banking in India

Bank Management
Information and communication technology has changed the way in which banks provide services to its customers. These days the customers are able to perform their routine banking transactions without even entering the bank premises. ATM is one such development in recent years, which provides remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the development of this self-service banking in India based on the secondary data.

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is playing a very important role in the progress and advancement in almost all walks of life. The deregulated environment has provided an opportunity to restructure the means and methods of delivery of services in many areas, including the banking sector. The ICT has been a focused issue in the past two decades in Indian banking. In fact, ICTs are enabling the banks to change the way in which they are functioning. Improved customer service has become very important for the very survival and growth of banking sector in the reforms era. The technological advancements, deregulations, and intense competition due to the entry of private sector and foreign banks have altered the face of banking from one of mere intermediation to one of provider of quick, efficient and customer-friendly services. With the introduction and adoption of ICT in the banking sector, the customers are fast moving away from the traditional branch banking system to the convenient and comfort of virtual banking. The most important virtual banking services are phone banking, mobile banking, Internet banking and ATM banking. These electronic channels have enhanced the delivery of banking services accurately and efficiently to the customers. The ATMs are an important part of a bank’s alternative channel to reach the customers, to showcase products and services and to create brand awareness. This is reflected in the increase in the number of ATMs all over the world. ATM is one of the most widely used remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the growth of ATMs of different bank groups in India.
International Scenario

If ATMs are largely available over geographically dispersed areas, the benefit from using an ATM will increase as customers will be able to access their bank accounts from any geographic location. This would imply that the value of an ATM network increases with the number of available ATM locations, and the value of a bank network to a customer will be determined in part by the final network size of the banking system. The statistical information on the growth of branches and ATM network in select countries.

Indian Scenario

The financial services industry in India has witnessed a phenomenal growth, diversification and specialization since the initiation of financial sector reforms in 1991. Greater customer orientation is the only way to retain customer loyalty and withstand competition in the liberalized world. In a market-driven strategy of development, customer preference is of paramount importance in any economy. Gone are the days when customers used to come to the doorsteps of banks. Now the banks are required to chase the customers; only those banks which are customercentric and extremely focused on the needs of their clients can succeed in their business today.

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