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Welcome to The IUP Journal of International Relations
ISSN: 0973-8509
A ‘peer reviewed’ journal distributed by EBSCO and Proquest Database

Jan'18

Previous Issues

The IUP Journal of International Relations provides informative, insightful, and lively discourse on the latest developments in an ever-changing and increasingly complex world order. The Journal serves as a forum for thought-provoking debate on the most contentious contemporary issues in World Politics. The Journal is dedicated to the stimulation and dissemination of research and scholarship in international affairs.

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  • Defense and Strategic Studies
  • Cooperation, Peace, Conflict Resolution and Confidence Building
  • International Security and National Security
  • International Relations Theory
  • International Political Economy
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  • Terrorism
  • Global Governance
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  • International and Supranational Organizations
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Internationalizing Social Media: The Case of ‘Twiplomacy’ in India and Russia
Armed Resistance in Gaza Strip Against Israeli Occupation: Legitimate Requirement to Achieve Self-Determination
US-Pakistan Relations Since 2009: ‘Do More’ Versus ‘No More’ Deadlock in Afghanistan
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Contents
(Jan 2018)

Internationalizing Social Media: The Case of ‘Twiplomacy’ in India and Russia

--K P Abdullakkutty

The borderless social media spheres have challenged the conventional concepts of national media systems and international communication theories. Unlike the traditional media outlets, social media could blur the intra/international boundaries across the world including India and Russia. Among a host of social media platforms, the 140-character based ‘Twitter’ has become the popular microblogging space among social and political spheres in these countries. While the common man to statesmen are now part of the so-called ‘twitterati’, this paper tries to explore how ‘Twitter’ is now widely used for political communications within and without national boundaries. Given the conceptual void in theorizing the national/international/global structure and style of social media, this paper compares the case of political/diplomatic use of ‘Twitter’ by two major countries from the so-called ‘Global South’ like India and Russia.

Armed Resistance in Gaza Strip Against Israeli Occupation: Legitimate Requirement to Achieve Self-Determination

--Osayd Awawda

This paper argues that according to comparative and analytical research, the rules of armed resistance under the International Humanitarian Law require different understanding in the context of Palestine and its struggle against the Israeli occupation. It explains the nature of the Palestinians' right to self-determination and assesses the legitimacy of armed resistance activities against the occupation.

US-Pakistan Relations Since 2009: ‘Do More’ Versus ‘No More’ Deadlock in Afghanistan

--Vinay Kaura

The relationship between the US and Pakistan is facing a serious crisis as the trust deficit between them has increased. Ties between the two are overwhelmingly dependent on Pakistan’s ability to cooperate in ending the jihadist terrorism and helping the US stabilize the war-torn Afghanistan. The US continues to accuse Pakistan of not doing enough to counter various terrorist groups operating from its soil, while raising fundamental questions over Islamabad’s commitment to countering Islamist extremism. On the other hand, Pakistan accuses the US of disregarding its huge sacrifices in the fight against terrorism, while maintaining that it has done more than enough. The paper tries to examine the nature and dimension of US-Pakistan relations since 2009 against the backdrop of the ongoing war against the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan.

 

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Automated Teller Machines (ATMs): The Changing Face of Banking in India

Bank Management
Information and communication technology has changed the way in which banks provide services to its customers. These days the customers are able to perform their routine banking transactions without even entering the bank premises. ATM is one such development in recent years, which provides remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the development of this self-service banking in India based on the secondary data.

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is playing a very important role in the progress and advancement in almost all walks of life. The deregulated environment has provided an opportunity to restructure the means and methods of delivery of services in many areas, including the banking sector. The ICT has been a focused issue in the past two decades in Indian banking. In fact, ICTs are enabling the banks to change the way in which they are functioning. Improved customer service has become very important for the very survival and growth of banking sector in the reforms era. The technological advancements, deregulations, and intense competition due to the entry of private sector and foreign banks have altered the face of banking from one of mere intermediation to one of provider of quick, efficient and customer-friendly services. With the introduction and adoption of ICT in the banking sector, the customers are fast moving away from the traditional branch banking system to the convenient and comfort of virtual banking. The most important virtual banking services are phone banking, mobile banking, Internet banking and ATM banking. These electronic channels have enhanced the delivery of banking services accurately and efficiently to the customers. The ATMs are an important part of a bank’s alternative channel to reach the customers, to showcase products and services and to create brand awareness. This is reflected in the increase in the number of ATMs all over the world. ATM is one of the most widely used remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the growth of ATMs of different bank groups in India.
International Scenario

If ATMs are largely available over geographically dispersed areas, the benefit from using an ATM will increase as customers will be able to access their bank accounts from any geographic location. This would imply that the value of an ATM network increases with the number of available ATM locations, and the value of a bank network to a customer will be determined in part by the final network size of the banking system. The statistical information on the growth of branches and ATM network in select countries.

Indian Scenario

The financial services industry in India has witnessed a phenomenal growth, diversification and specialization since the initiation of financial sector reforms in 1991. Greater customer orientation is the only way to retain customer loyalty and withstand competition in the liberalized world. In a market-driven strategy of development, customer preference is of paramount importance in any economy. Gone are the days when customers used to come to the doorsteps of banks. Now the banks are required to chase the customers; only those banks which are customercentric and extremely focused on the needs of their clients can succeed in their business today.

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