The IUP Journal of Management Research
A Study of Personality, Self-Esteem and Happiness Among Graduates

Article Details
Pub. Date : Jan, 2021
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Management Research
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJMR30121
Author Name : Urvashi Sharma and M Venkatesan
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Arts & Humanities
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 21



Personality and self-esteem, as described using the trait perspective of personality and Hierarchy of Needs Model by Abraham Maslow, play an instrumental role in individual happiness. The present study focuses on whether personality and self-esteem influence happiness of Delhi-NCR graduates or not, and also whether they differ on the variables based on gender, and whether they are currently studying or working. The present study is exploratory in nature which uses ex-post facto research design. A sample of 102 graduates of Delhi-NCR region in the age group of 20-25 years were identified for the study using purposive sampling method. The tools used were NEO-FFI scale, Rosenberg self-esteem scale and Subjective happiness scale. This study had applied both descriptive statistics and multivariate statistics for analyzing the data. The results revealed that self-esteem, extroversion, conscientiousness, and neuroticism were correlated with happiness. Also extroversion, conscientiousness, and self-esteem were positively correlated with happiness, whereas neuroticism was negatively associated with happiness. No gender differences were seen on all the three variables. But there was a significant difference between student and working young adults on extroversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness and happiness. These findings would help graduates to work on their personality and self-esteem to bring improvement in their happiness.


Early adulthood is probably the most important phase in an individual's life and the events and experiences it is characterized by have powerful influence on personality and behavior. This phase is characterized by a complete transformation of role demands as they are expected to think and act in a mature way, like young adults, make decisions carefully, plan about their future and work accordingly and so on. The transition from adolescence to adulthood along with environmental and situational factors thus creates turmoil within them affecting their happiness. While college going individuals must take care of academic demands, career decisions, financial pressures, friendships, etc., whereas working individuals need to learn to adjust to the new environment, adapt to the working conditions, understand and strive to fulfil role expectations and also learn to financially support themselves on their own which is cognitively demanding and emotionally taxing, putting them in a vulnerable position. They are likely to experience stress, fatigue, anger, and frustration which may affect their happiness. Hence, the present study would explore the effects of an individual's personality and self-esteem on their levels of happiness.