The IUP Journal of Knowledge Management
Failure of Higher Education to Promote Knowledge Development in Portugal: A Critiquing

Article Details
Pub. Date : Jan, 2020
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Knowledge Management
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJKM310120
Author Name : Margarida Chagas Lopes
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Management
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 13



This paper focuses on one of the main obstacles to knowledge development in Portugal, i.e., the low percentage of higher education graduates even among the youngest population. Although various studies have been considering this subject, there is still insufficient awareness of the factors behind the individual decisions of not pursuing higher education. Due to the most recent surveys carried out by the Portuguese Ministry for Education, it is now possible to overcome that limitation and develop a more in-depth analysis as done in this paper. The paper begins by discussing the characteristics of higher education knowledge and its contribution to sustainable development, and then evidences some of the most important consequences of its scarcity in the Portuguese economy and society. A brief review of the literature is presented to critically assess some economic-based theories and justify the need to convoke a more widespread field of scientific domains. The data and statistical methodology are then explained as well as the main statistical tests. The results show evidence of a new behavior: the will to earn earlier one's own money stands now as the leading determinant of not pursuing higher education.


Numerous studies have addressed the contribution of universities and Higher Education (ESup) in general to sustainable economic development. There is general agreement that only ESup can fully contribute to the promotion of individual knowledge as well as critical thinking and the understanding of complexity for contact with, and immersion in diverse and plural theoretical approaches, in order to achieve a holistic view of learning processes and mechanisms. The latter are key factors for furthering of knowledge and economic and social innovation. Such skills are proving to be crucial in the fight against inequality and poverty and in attempting to achieve a more balanced interregional development, the establishment of new and broader-based knowledge communities, and for a more informed and systematic contribution to economic stability and social and environmental justice, or in other words, for promoting the common good.


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