The IUP Journal of International Relations
Terror at the Doorstep: The Rising Threat of Al Sunnah wa Jama'ah (ASWJ) Jihadist Insurgency in Mozambique

Article Details
Pub. Date : Jan, 2021
Product Name : The IUP Journal of International Relations
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJIR30121
Author Name : Frederick Appiah Afriyie and Vincent Ekow Arkorful
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Arts & Humanities
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 18

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Abstract

In view of the surge in retrogressive activism that has entwined and ensnared Mozambique from the war and postwar years, it becomes apparent that the Southern African country has witnessed monumental hostility in its developmental strides. Of profound and recent importance has been the bursting on to the political scene of the Al Sunnah wa Jama'ah (ASWJ) terrorist sect whose lethal activities are having menacing effects. Employing the qualitative research approach, this study thoroughly examines not only the activities of the ASWJ terrorist group, but also the possible push and pull factors contributing to the congealment of the group in the Republic of Mozambique. The study reveals a confluence of push factors converging around land disputes, citizen-state mistrust and dissatisfaction with land resettlement program. Further, the study exposes a gamut of pull factors, including weak states and porous borders. Study implications, future research possibilities and recommendations are subsequently delineated.


Introduction

Incontrovertibly, terrorism, as one of the threatening albatrosses hanging around the collective neck of nations, poses a substantial degree of lethal ramifications to the well-being of humanity at large.1 The perpetual overnight mushrooming of terrorist groups such as the Islamic State (IS), Al Qaeda, Boko Haram and Al-Shabab have unfortunately dealt a hefty blow to global peace and security. With respect to the upsurge in terrorist movement, as much as the phenomenon remains global, it could be arguably posited that the African continent has borne the brunt of the pains from the sharp-edged sword of terrorism.2 And part of the reason for the rising spate of


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