The IUP Journal of English Studies
Of Personification and Equilibrium: An Ecosophical Appreciation of the Agency of the Earth in N K Jemisin's Broken Earth Trilogy

Article Details
Pub. Date : March, 2022
Product Name : The IUP Journal of English Studies
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJES040322
Author Name : Goutam Karmakar and Indrajit Patra
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Arts & Humanities
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 15



This meta-analysis study tried to find whether the economic development of nations impacts the achievement test scores based on flipped classroom English teaching in comparison with traditional teaching methods over the period 2015 to 2020. The study analyzed English achievement test scores from eight countries-Indonesia, Iran, Turkey, China, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, South Korea, and the USA. The study included 69 datasets derived from primary studies, and the collected data were analyzed using RevMan 5.4.1 software under random-effects model settings with p < 0.05 and at 95% CI. The findings showed that the traditional method was more significantly effective in English achievement scores with an overall effect of z = 9.58 (p < 0.00001). The traditional method was significantly more effective in all countries, except for South Korea where the flipped classroom was significantly more effective than the traditional teaching method. The findings showed that the per capita national income (GDP per capita) did not correspond in predictable pattern to the English achievement test scores of the students under the flipped classroom method. The findings would help teachers and educators in better understanding flipped classroom method.


Jemisin's The Broken Earth trilogy is both a futuristic and speculative rendering of the perils of impending ecological catastrophes as well as a warning to the present generation, who are busy in abusively exploiting nature and extracting natural resources to meet their selfish ends. The novel attempts to remind us of our insensitivity towards climate change, the resultant ecological damages and our failure to acknowledge the role of our planet Earth as an agency while formulating new plans, agendas or treaties which have been posed as some of the most clearly contributing factors towards this ever-deepening crisis. The novels in Bennett's (2010) words can be said to be an attempt "to paint a positive ontology of vibrant matter" through which various "onto-theological binaries of