The IUP Journal of International Relations
The Defeat of Populism in Greece

Article Details
Pub. Date : April, 2021
Product Name : The IUP Journal of International Relations
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJIR10321
Author Name : Mumtaz Ahmad Shah
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Arts & Humanities
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 13

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Abstract

It is generally argued that the ordering principle of domestic and international politics is different. The domestic political theories are in search of ideal state, and international affairs are all about order and power. In this regard, this study aims to comprehend mainstream International Relations (IR) theories' normative position and what kind of relation values and power share in IR.


Introduction

The social theories are the simplified picture of a complex reality. Theories keep certain factors constant and certain factors variable, and give a formal, logical, and systematic analysis of a particular social domain. Similarly, Political Theory is the study of concepts and principles that people use to describe, explain, and evaluate political events and institutions. It can be both normative and empirical. Prescriptive or normative concepts are usually categorized as values. Values are moral principles that ought to be or must be brought about in the process of forming an ideal polity or ideal state. These include preferences like justice, liberty, human rights, equality, and toleration. By contrast, another range of concepts, usually termed descriptive or positive concepts, refer to facts that have an objective and demonstrable existence-they refer to what is. Concepts such as power, authority, order, and law are categorized in this sense as descriptive rather than normative. As facts can be proved to be either true or false, descriptive concepts are often portrayed as 'neutral' or value-free.1 Political Theory is a mix of values and facts, and within this background, political theories are evaluated political systems on both ordinal and cardinal scale. On the normative concern of Political Theory, Hannah Arendt wrote that "the purpose of politics is not merely speaking about life but the good life of a community. It means everything is to be decided through persuasion, not violence".2 John Plamenatz has given a similar Political Theory definition: "I do not mean


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