The IUP Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Power System Operation: Issues and Challenges

Article Details
Pub. Date : Apr, 2022
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJEEE40422
Author Name : C Pakkiraiah* and R V S Satyanarayana**
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Engineering
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 12



Power system operation has become more complex with larger use of renewable energy sources, strict requirements of environmental controls, and need to maintain adequate security and stability norms. To meet the environmental norms now, Flue- Gas Desulphurization (FGD) plants have to be installed in old thermal power plants. With larger share of wind and solar energy resources, flexible operation of conventional thermal and hydro power plants is needed. The paper reviews various recent issues pertaining to power system operation in India and the challenges posed to ensure efficient grid operation.


The power system scenario in India has changed due to addition of renewable energy sources, retirement of a large number of thermal power plants, quality problems due to heavy usage of power electronic devices, commercial mechanisms involving independent power producers, etc. Several operational challenges related to environmental concerns, frequency regulation, power system security and implementation of new technologies are also to be tackled.

In this paper, some of the major issues and challenges in Indian power system are discussed. Major sources of information are taken from the websites of regional power committees, Power System Operation Corporation Ltd. (POSOCO) and similar organizations.


Power system operation, Flue-Gas Desulphurization (FGD), Flexible operation, Synchronous condenser operation, Renewable energy, Wide area monitoring system, Power system stabilizer tuning, Frequency regulation