The IUP Journal of Soft Skills
Effects of Participative Leadership Behavior Outcomes on Work Performance

Article Details
Pub. Date : June, 2023
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Soft Skills
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJSS020623
Author Name : John Nkeobuna Nnah Ugoani
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Management
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 16



Participative leadership involves employees across different levels of the organizational hierarchy in contributing to work performance. It is closely associated with consensus building, empathy, delegation, trust and job involvement. A task of participative leadership is consulting with subordinates and evaluating their opinions and suggestions before making the final decision. The concept demonstrates intentions to empower employees for improved performance and achievement of organizational goals. This study focuses on the effects of participative leadership on employee and organizational performance. Exploratory investigation research design was adopted for the study, and the results show a positive association between participative leadership and work performance. Because of the importance assigned to leadership and performance in organizations, this study suggests that organizations should promote a participative culture to enhance employees' sense of belonging as a measure for improving their performance.


Leadership history dates back to thousands of years ago like the story of Moses leading his people out of the Egyptian bondage. Though contemporary literature has different but similar definitions of what constitutes leadership, what is certain in the definitions is a dynamic relationship between the leader and the follower or the manager and the subordinate. In this relationship, all the parties involved try to influence each other in an attempt to accomplish certain goals.

In several leadership styles are found autocratic leaders who set their own goals without considering the views of their subordinates; there are consultative leaders who solicit the opinions of their followers; and there are participative leaders who participate equally in the process with their subordinates and allow the group to contribute to decision-making. However, the University of Michigan Leadership Study recognizes two contrasting types of leadership: (i) job-centered leadership; this approach supervises