The IUP Journal of Soft Skills
Impact of Positive Psychotherapy on Police Trainees' Prosocial Behavior: Evidence from Nigeria

Article Details
Pub. Date : June, 2023
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Soft Skills
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJSS010623
Author Name : Olayemi Zainab Oduola and Adediran lbraheem Adedayo
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Management
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 15



Prosocial behavior is a deliberate action that encourages people, particularly police trainees, to serve others without anticipating any reward or satisfaction. Research indicates that police recruits exhibit low prosocial behavior, particularly in Nigeria, which accounts for unfavorable behaviors, including corruption, impunity, and inhumanity in the years after training. Therefore, this study seeks to find out whether Positive Psychotherapy (PP) can influence police trainees' prosocial behavior in southwestern Nigeria. The study found that PP and interventions help promote prosocial behavior among police trainees.


Prosocial behavior is defined as voluntary behavior done to help another person (Batson, 1998) without anticipating satisfaction or reward. These helpful behaviors, which are not done voluntarily or with the aim to benefit someone else, are not included in this definition. For instance, a man's helpful behavior would not be viewed as prosocial if a youngster barged into his home and threatened to kill him unless he helped him. This is due to the fact that the man would have no choice but to offer assistance. Similar to this, if a passerby dropped some money by accident along the side of the road and a boy traveling in the same direction picked it up to use, the passerby's actions would not be prosocial. This is due to the fact that he did not intend to help anyone else by dropping or losing the money. Every person has firsthand knowledge of both giving and receiving assistance from others.