The IUP Journal of International Relations
The Paris Agreement: Critical Assessment and Proposals for Key Clean Energy Initiatives

Article Details
Pub. Date : July, 2023
Product Name : The IUP Journal of International Relations
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJIR030623
Author Name : Rafael Leal-Arcas, Silja Svendsen, Arie Eklin, Lion Ax, Tobias Rosenberger, Bruria Friedman and Osher Battat
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Arts & Humanities
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 38



This paper focuses on how the trajectory of the global response to the buildup of greenhouse gas emissions changed with the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. It explains how its positive character in fact expresses its greatest weakness, by presenting the main criticism regarding the Agreement's rules. This paper then demonstrates that future Conferences of the Parties (COPs) are indispensable, mainly in institutional terms, as they serve as the foundation for implementing the Paris Agreement. The paper explores and discusses the question of how carbon pricing policies should be structured and to what end, in light of the urgency and scale of the challenges presented by climate change. Finally, it proceeds to discuss electric vehicles and other elements of electrification in areas with carbon-intensive electricity supply and their benefits to climate change, along with benefits from legal and economic perspectives.


The Paris Climate Change Agreement (PA) marked its seventh anniversary in December 2022. It is an international agreement on climate change policy that aims to keep the global temperature rise below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the rise to 1.5°C (Article 2.1(a)). The Agreement was adopted as a legally binding agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the climate summit in Paris1, France, on December 12, 2015, the so-called Conference of the Parties (COP) 21.2