The IUP Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Speed Control of PMSM for Wind Turbine Application: A Comparative Evaluation of FOC and DTC Strategies

Article Details
Pub. Date : Oct, 2022
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJEEE051022
Author Name : Sumit Dave, Mihir Vasavada, Shivani S N and Bhatt K A
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Engineering
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 20



The paper reviews and compares the most popular control strategies for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) drives, viz., Field-Oriented Control (FOC) and Direct Torque Control (DTC). The comparison is based on various criteria, including basic control characteristics, dynamic performance, and implementation complexity. The choice of an exact Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithm for a particular case requires sufficient proficiency because each algorithm has its own advantages and disadvantages. Hence, an appropriate review of these algorithms is essential. The simulation and evaluation of various control strategies are reviewed using actual parameters of PMSM used for wind turbine and a new strategy for realtime speed control of PMSM in a motoring mode for variable speed wind energy conversion system application is proposed with better dynamic response characteristics.


Wind power generating system is one of the most useful generating systems, which harness renewable energy. In this paper, the topology and principle of the proposed system using Permanent Magnet type Synchronous Generator (PMSG) without speed sensor and stepup/ down buck-boost, are discussed (Yamamura et al., 1999).

The trends in wind turbine generator systems and the number of possible future generator systems are discussed. Although there are also smaller wind turbines, this review focuses on large wind turbines (Polinder et al., 2013). Environmental concerns over energy generation from conventional sources call for fast development of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) like wind, solar, fuel cell, etc. (Tripathi and Rai, 2020).

Maximum power extraction is one of the most important objectives to be achieved in a wind generation system. The maximum power from available wind can be extracted by


Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM), Field-Oriented Control (FOC), Direct Torque Control (DTC), Pulse Width Modulation (PWM), Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)