The IUP Journal of Telecommunications
Design and Performance Analysis of Compact Coronavirus-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wireless Applications

Article Details
Pub. Date : Nov' 2022
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Telecommunications
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJTC011122
Author Name : Sura Khalil Ibrahim and Zainab Taha Jebur
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Arts & Humanities
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 9



The paper proposes a compact-sized coronavirus-shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna (MPA) for wireless communication. A 15-20 GHz band of frequency is employed to analyze the effect of the shape on antenna's performance and characteristics. A low-cost FR4 dielectric substrate is used in the design and implementation of the coronavirus-shaped antenna, with suitable dimensions. The proposed antenna has six patterns depending upon the band of frequencies, and the same have been analyzed. The results show that the realized gain is better than -15 dB when using frequencies around 17 GHz, and total efficiency is about 70%. CST microwave software is used for designing and analysis.


Microstrip Patch Antennas (MPAs) have become more common in portable wireless communication, Internet of Things (IoT) and biomedical systems (Anooradha et al., 2021). Such antennas are small and low-profile, and come with supportive wideband and low manufacturing costs. Wireless communication depends on the performance of antennas, and many experiments have been conducted on dual-band and wideband antennas (Fubara and Salawu, 2018).

Compared to conventional antennas, MPAs are easy to design and have greater anticipation. They offer advantages like improved coverage, low cost, low profile, ease of fabrication, and so on (Punith et al., 2020). The performance of an antenna is dependent on antenna dimensions, operating frequency, substrate material, substrate height, patch width and antenna feeding techniques (Hossain et al., 2020).


Coronavirus, Protrusions, Micrstrio Patch Antenna (MPA), Fractal antenna, Realized gain, Efficiency, Directivity