The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior
The Critical Dimensions of Job Satisfaction of Academicians: An Empirical Analysis

Article Details
Pub. Date : Oct, 2018
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJOB21810
Author Name : Anu Kohli* and Alka Sharma
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Management
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 15



Academicians' turnover is mainly associated with job dissatisfaction. Most of the institutions today are faced with the challenge of retaining their academicians. Employee dissatisfaction leads to lower productivity, stress and conflict in the organization. Therefore, it is necessary for the organization to develop and ensure employee satisfaction. There are various factors affecting the job satisfaction of employees such as salary, working conditions, relationship with co-workers, promotional opportunities, etc. The purpose of this study was to determine the critical dimensions of job satisfaction for academicians. Data was collected from 150 academicians of professional courses in higher education institutions using stratified snowball sampling. Factor analysis using principal component analysis with varimax rotation was conducted. The result identified three dimensions, namely, work itself, work relations and employee-centric policies and principles as important dimensions of job satisfaction for the academicians. The findings of the study are significant for both the government and private higher educational institutions as by working on these dimensions, they can enhance academicians' satisfaction, which will ultimately lead to higher job commitment and overall development of the students.


Today's management approaches mainly focus on human factor as the progress of any organization heavily depends on its human resources. Therefore, studies on employee satisfaction have been on the rise. Although most of the researches in this field are conducted in profit-making organizations, very limited number of studies have been conducted on nonprofit-making organizations such as the education sector. Education is a labor-intensive sector and its success mainly depends upon their employees, therefore employee satisfaction is very important in this field. Job satisfaction also leads to higher organizational commitment (Moser, 1997; and Altinoz et al., 2012), less intention to leave (Jamal, 1997; and Tao et al., 2015) and high motivation (Singh and Tiwari, 2012) for the employees.


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