The IUP Journal of Law Review
The Legal Quest for Gender Equality with Reference to Women’s Status in the Globalized World

Article Details
Pub. Date : Jan, 2019
Product Name : The IUP Law Review
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IUPLR41910
Author Name : Ch. Lakshmi
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Law
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 9



The role of women in India has been changing and they are now emerging from the past traditions into a new era of freedom and rights due to globalization. Though women in Vedic ages proved that they were as competent as men in all aspects, till date their status is a contentious issue. Many egalitarians strive to promote and emancipate women from traditional views. Despite the fact that women are being educated and are on a par with men in many aspects and are found in all fields including defense forces, corporate world, and politics, the patriarchal nature of Indian society stops them from having careers that contravene their family life. Although the constitution provides equal opportunities to women and conversely Indian courts strive to protect and promote the status of women in achieving equal status, modern women are in a dilemma as regards having a career. This paper aims to highlight the judiciary’s quest on gender equality, the contemporary position of Indian women and the complexities in achieving their rights which are guaranteed under human rights instruments.


The status of women in any society is the measure of its civilization. Status is a matter closely linked to gender. Gender, being a social construct, decides the rights, duties, capabilities and disabilities of a person and lays down (ordains) the traditional roles to be played by him or her. Diverse cultures and legal systems exist in the world, and for a long time, civilizations and cultures existed in isolation from each other. Still an amazing uniformity was visible in their approaches towards gender relations. All the societies are patriarchal that believe in male superiority. All the cultures reserved women for the private domain work and made public domain work the exclusive privilege of men. Women’s participation is confined to household activities. Women were systematically denied access to education, employment, property or participation in the decision-making process. Decisions, even regarding women’s lives, were taken by men as political authority was entirely concentrated on them. Ignorance resulting from lack of education, economic dependency owing to non-access to resources and helplessness arising out of absence of power over one’s own life have led to the dominance of men over women. This relationship of dominance is demonstrated and perpetuated by discrimination and violence. Women’s issues have become matters of least priority.

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