The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior
Educational Leadership Styles Scale (ELSS): Construction, Validation and Reliability Analysis

Article Details
Pub. Date : Oct, 2019
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJOB31910
Author Name : Jacqueline Kareem and Harold Andrew Patrick
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Management
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No. of Pages : 20

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Abstract

This paper describes the construction and empirical evaluation of a new scale for measuring educational leadership styles of principals/supervisors/coordinators as perceived by teachers in schools. The respondents of the study are 500 school teachers from the city of Bangalore. The data was subjected to various statistical procedures to establish the reliability and validity of the scale. Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) measure of sampling adequacy (0.876) and Bartlett’s Test (p=<0.001) suggested that PCA could be undertaken. PCA analysis extracted seven factors with a cumulative 63.149% variance. Cronbach’s alpha of the 31 items scale was 0.906. Convergent validity, discriminant validity, nomological validity, Variance Extracted (VE) values, Average Variance Extracted (AVE) values and Squared Multiple Correlations (SMC) between the seven factors were examined and reported. The results show that the evidence for construct validity and reliability is favorable for the Educational Leadership Styles Scale (ELSS). Definitions for the factors of ELSS are offered in this paper.


Description

Leadership appears in social science literature with three major meanings: as the attribute of a position, as the characteristic of the person, and as the category of behavior. Leadership is a relational concept implying two terms: the influencing agent and the persons influenced. Without followers, there can be no leader. Hence, leadership can be viewed from the ability perspective, since it depends too much on the properties of the situation and the characteristics of the people to be led. Van et al. (2008) define leadership as: (a) influencing individuals to contribute to group goals; and (b) coordinating the pursuit of those goals. Yukl (2010) comments that leadership is the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives.


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