The IUP Journal of Mechanical Engineering
CFD Analysis of Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Spring Turbulator as Insert in Corrugated Pipe Heat Exchanger

Article Details
Pub. Date :Nov, 2019
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Mechanical Engineering
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJME51911
Author Name : Parinam Anuradha, Gourav Gupta and Mohd. Ahmad
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Engineering
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 17



The paper employs Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tools to analyze the augmentation in heat transfer in counterflow Double Pipe Heat Exchanger (DPHE) with arrangements and inserts like corrugation on the inner pipe, helical spring insert in inner pipe and combination of both. ANSYS FLUENT-15.0 was used in the investigation to predict the effects of the arrangements on overall heat transfer coefficient, heat gain, friction factor and pressure drop. Mass flow rate of water was taken such that the Reynolds number ranged from 10,000 to 15,000. The variation in the friction factor and Nusselt number was plotted and analyzed against the Reynolds number. The results showed that there was a considerable increase in heat transfer rate when an obstacle and/or modified surface (like corrugation) was inserted on the flow path; however, this increase was at the cost of pressure drop. 7% increase in Nusselt number was achieved by incorporating the corrugation on the pipe with only 23% increase in the friction factor, while this increase in Nusselt number was 4.5% and 8% in the case of tube with spring insert and combination of corrugation and spring both, respectively, accompanied by an increase of 374% and 386% in the friction, which cost a lot of pumping power.


Efficiency of the Double Pipe Heat Exchanger (DPHE) can be enhanced by passive or active methods. Active methods require external source of energy for enhancing the efficiency, while there is no external energy requirement for the passive methods. Active methods include surface vibrations, electrostatic and acoustic fields, pulsation of cam and plunger, jet impingement, surface rotation, etc. Passive methods involve covering or modifying the heat transfer surface, swirl flow devices, displaced inserts, projection of the rough surfaces, etc.


Double Pipe Heat Exchanger (DPHE), Helical coil spring insert, Corrugation, Heat transfer enhancement, Friction factor, Turbulent flow

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