The IUP Journal of International Relations
Establishing an Energy Security Subcomplex in the Caucasus: India, a Prospective Partner

Article Details
Pub. Date : Jan, 2020
Product Name : The IUP Journal of International Relations
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJIR10120
Author Name : Hriday Ch. Sarma
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Management
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 20



The paper applies the concept of Regional Security Complex (RSC) to gauge the dynamics in broad Caucasus through the prism of energy security, hypothesizing it as a Regional Energy Security Subcomplex (RESsC). The region has always remained strategically important, which especially has been the case in the recent years due to geopolitical events that have occurred there and impacted global security. Powerful parties, both states and non-states (including multilateral institutions), are stakeholders to the region. Each of them has tried to maximize its individual interests/agendas, and seldom collective. With such larger interests at play, actors from within the region and those with integral interests (particularly Russia) have clamored to achieve energy security and maneuvered accordingly. The paper, while examining energy-driven engagements between different actors in the region, derives that it remains largely fragmented, however, positioned towards becoming an RESsC if stakeholders make coordinated attempts towards achieving that. This would then result in an increase in overall trade, economic prosperity and energy security in the region and across Eurasia. India, which is increasing its energy portfolio worldwide, has a well-timed opportunity to scale up engagements with other actors in the region to increase its national energy security and build strategic inroads into Eurasia.


At present, the Caucasus region is at the front line of a new geopolitical competition— a contest over oil and gas. The region is drawing profound attention among policy makers, international relations academia and big oil companies in the unfolding ‘Great Game’ across Eurasia. 1 The current version of the Great Game is not limited to a few powerful states that are attempting to make absolute gains or balancing one or more restive states by creating alliances. Rather, it involves the participation of numerous actors, ranging from states (both from within and outside the region) to non-states (like multilateral institutions, ethno-national groups, etc.) that are either directly or indirectly involved with the dynamics in the region. These participating actors are endeavoring to secure relative gains through cooperation and competition among themselves.


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