The IUP Journal of Management Research
Relationship Between Social Support and Work-Life Balance: An Empirical Research on Police Personnel of Himachal Pradesh

Article Details
Pub. Date : Apr, 2020
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Management Research
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJMR30420
Author Name : Poonam Kaushal
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Management
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 18



Social support is one of the most successful methods by which individuals can deal with stressful events effectively. Social support can be understood as a person's belief that he is appreciated, loved, and his wellbeing is taken care as part of the mutual obligation of a social network. Previous studies indicate that police work is very stressful and that it can lead to job burnout, health issues, particularly among those who have lower levels of social support. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to examine the impact of social support on work-life balance of police personnel in Himachal Pradesh. The study further examines the differences in work-life balance of police personnel at varied levels of social support. The social support variables considered in the present study are supervisor support, co-worker support and spousal support. A sample of 781 Non-Gazetted Police Officers (NGOs) of Grade II is selected in the study. The study finds significant correlation between social support factors and work-life balance of the selected police personnel.


The term Work-Life Balance (WLB) is applicable to all working individuals all over the world, though there is no clear definition of what it means. Most definitions do include the proper prioritizing between 'work' (career and ambition) on one hand, and 'life' (health, pleasure, leisure, family and spiritual development) on the other. Agarwala (2007) defines work-life balance as a meaningful daily achievement and enjoyment in each of the four quadrants of life: work, family, society, and self. Greenhaus et al. (2002) define work-family balance as the extent to which an individual is equally engaged in and equally satisfied with his/her work role and family role. Work-life balance can lead to personal satisfaction in work and home domains and can take forms of work satisfaction and life satisfaction. The satisfaction with work and home can lead to positive health benefits; mentally and emotionally stable life. Imbalance in work and life can cause stress and illness to an individual. Further, imbalance in work and life can have an impact on others at work (colleagues, subordinates) and in the family (spouse, parents, children, and friends) and can lead to work-family conflict.


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