The IUP Journal of Structural Engineering
Bagasse Ash as Partial Cement Replacement Material: An Evaluation

Article Details
Pub. Date : Apr, 2023
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Structural Engineering
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJSE030423
Author Name : Chala Basha Chawaka, Habtamu Fekadu Gemeda, Amanuel Diriba Irena, Boki Tamiru Tola and Abdi Biranu
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Science and Technology
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 21



The paper evaluates sugarcane Bagasse Ash (BA) as a partial cement replacement material. Sugarcane BA is a byproduct of fuel blending in the sugar industry. It is the residual waste that remains after the economically viable sugar has been extracted from the cane. The disposal of the sugarcane waste in agriculture causes environmental problems. The cement industry also creates environmental problems due to carbon dioxide emissions during cement manufacturing. Initially, BA samples were collected from the rubble of the Arjo Didessa Sugar Factory. The crude BA was sieved with a 250 μm size sieve. The strength of grade C-25 concrete was designed using five different concrete mixture proportions ranging from 5 to 20% cement by weight, including a water-cement ratio of 0.45. The impact strength tests were conducted at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of age for each replacement ratio. For the experimental work, a total of 60 cubic concrete specimens were cast for compressive strength tests and 15 cylindrical concrete specimens were cast for water absorption tests. Working compressive strength results indicated that BA could replace up to 5% of ordinary Portland cement concrete.


Concrete is defined as a mixture of cement, sand, gravel and water that becomes hard and strong and used as a material for building (Coffetti et al., 2022; Li, 2022; and Qaidi et al., 2022). A byproduct of sugar factories, sugarcane Bagasse Ash (BA) is what remains after all the economically viable sugar has been extracted (Cordeiro and Kurtis, 2017; Jagadesh et al., 2018; Rajasekar et al., 2018; and Dhawan et al., 2021). The disposal of this agricultural waste causes environmental problems in the


Building materials, Sugarcane Bagasse Ash (BA), Portland cement, Concrete, Water absorption