The IUP Journal of International Relations

ISSN: 0973-8509

UGC Approved Journal @ Sl.No: 48016

A 'peer reviewed' journal distributed by EBSCO and Proquest Database

It is a quarterly journal that provides informative, insightful and lively discourse on the latest developments in an ever-changing and increasingly complex world order. It serves as a forum for thought-provoking debate on the most contentious contemporary issues in world politics, and is dedicated to the stimulation and dissemination of research and scholarship in international affairs. Offers papers on subjects such as Law, Economics, Ethics, Strategy, Culture, and Environment that have a bearing on international relations.

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The Impact of Gandhian Ideology on India's Israel Policy
Reforming the Indirect Tax Sector in Palestine: Justifications and Avenues
South Asian Security Framework: A Three-Dimensional View
Contents : (Apr' 2019)

The Impact of Gandhian Ideology on India's Israel Policy
Deepti Tiwari

Gandhi's politics in India largely coincided with the tenure of the British Mandate in Palestine. His most famous quotation relating to international relations is "Palestine belongs to the Arabs in the same sense that England belongs to the English or France to the French" which is the guiding principle of India's foreign policy before independence. Even after independence, successive Indian governments have pursued the same line in the sphere of its Middle Eastern policies, i.e., followed Gandhian pro-Arab policy. But with the ascendancy of the present Modi government, things have changed with many high profile official visits. It marks a transition in India's history, where India has finally gone all out in announcing its critically important relationship with the Israeli nation-which has for decades otherwise been a covert, behind-closed-doors bilateral interaction, anchored in military and intelligence discussions. But at the same time, India does not abandon Gandhian policy and continues to have a soft spot for Palestine. As older relationships and partnerships change and new actors emerge, it is time for a reorientation of India's 'Look West' policy in the context of modern-day geopolitical realities.

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Reforming the Indirect Tax Sector in Palestine: Justifications and Avenues
Osayd Awawda

This paper argues that the indirect tax system in the West Bank is incompatible with its actual economic needs such as self-independence and sustainable development in the industrial and agricultural sectors. It also argues that reforming the tax system in terms of efficiency, equity, simplicity, and sufficiency of revenue can make the West Bank economy less dependent on foreign donations and decrease the tax burden on Palestinians living there.

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South Asian Security Framework: A Three-Dimensional View
Shiv Kumar

During the late 20th century, a wave of regionalism and globalization opened up opportunities for the South Asian countries to lay down the South Asian security framework. The initiative began with the establishment of SAARC, followed by BIMSTEC and Mekong Ganga Cooperation. However, the traditional rivalry between India and Pakistan and their diverse approaches such as Pakistan's policy toward its Western neighborhood and India's approach towards its Eastern neighbors through its 'Act East' policy, increased mistrust and divergence with regard to regional cooperation. At the same time, the geostrategic presence of great powers such as the US, China and Russia is also instrumental in the paradigm shift in the South Asian security framework, especially after the 9/11 attack. The paper analyzes in depth the South Asian security framework through the three dimensional layers, that is, internal building based on Indo-Pak traditional rivalry; regional measures, through historical, cultural, religious and commercial connectivity among the South Asian countries; and the role of great powers in the regional security framework. Since these factors are responsible for either fracturing or nurturing the regional security framework in the region, the paper analyzes these core multi-layer factors in determining the South Asian security framework as a myth or reality in the 21st century.

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