issue contains four research papers. The issue opens with
a research paper on the relevance of small enterprises and
entrepreneurship in the development prospects of North Eastern
India. The North Eastern Region (NER) of India has had problems
with regard to making the most appropriate use of the relatively
abundant supply of the natural resources it is endowed with.
The Central Government had created the North Eastern Council
(NEC) as a special grant disbursement, allocation, and planning
body with representatives from all the states of this region.
However, arguably, not enough has been achieved in making
the best use of the significant literacy and education levels
among the youth. Therefore, this paper titled, "Potentials
of Village and Small Enterprise Sector in the North Eastern
Region of India", by an academician serving this region,
S K Mishra, is a very important addition to the existing literature
on the region. The author has used very elaborate data to
discuss the possibility of using small industrial units in
areas like food-processing and handicrafts to bolster growth
and development in the region. He has also brought his knowledge
of the literature of institutional economics dating back to
the remarkable work by Thorstein Veblen. This contribution
is considered valuable since it discusses the basic philosophy
of economic organization.
second paper, "R&D and the Persistence of Profits"
by two Swedish authors, Johan E Eklund and Daniel Wiberg,
carries out a study on the correlation between R&D expenditures
of firms and increase in profits as a result of it. This is
an interesting study since it has always been an open question
as to whether such kind of investments have a payoff in terms
of bottom lines and if so, what are the conditions. Although
economic theory tells us that profits above the industry norm
cannot persist in the absence of significant barriers to entry
and exit, evidence continues to accumulate contrary to this
supposition. This study adds to the growing literature that
emphasizes dynamic analysis while trying to estimate the determinants
of firm and industry profits.
third paper, "On R&D Investment", by Massoud
Khazabi, discusses yet another feature of R&D, viz., gains
from disclosures of breakthrough research. There is always
a trade off in the competitive oligopoly market for more than
one reason. It is similar to disclosures by oil exploration
firms regarding their finds. On the one hand, the firms can
be robbed of a sustained exploitation of the findings by further
research. On the other hand, it offers a chance to pitchfork
the firm into a higher share value firm globally, with all
the related financial benefits in the long run. The paper
presents a theoretical model of R&D investment and extensively
studies the expensing policy of the development-related costs.
By developing an R&D model, the paper demonstrates how
different market elements could alter the monopolist's innovation
investment and expensing decision-making process.
final paper, "An Econometric Analysis of Personal Consumption
Expenditure in Ethiopia", by Ch. Paramaiah and Oman Amulu
Akway, studies the personal consumption expenditure of a strife
and famine ridden nation, Ethiopia. This study uses specific
data sources to explore the determinants of personal consumption
expenditure in Ethiopia, and tries to update the data series
by including other explanatory variables. The authors have
used variations of models from Keynesian Macroeconomics to
study and comment on the nature of factors influencing the
consumption expenditure. A backward nation like Ethiopia must
be more concerned about avoiding wastage of resources that
can occur due to market forces. This study conveys an important
message to the governments of all developing nations.